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  Glossary

Below is a glossary of terms frequently used during the admissions process.


The admissions process can be very challenging. Below is a glossary of terms frequently used to help make sense of it.


Campus-based education
Education received through a traditional brick-and-mortar college.


Distance learning
A term applied to any kind of educational method done over long distances, whether online or otherwise.


FAFSA
The FAFSA, or Free Application for Federal Aid is a document that prospective applicants are required to fill out to establish “need-based” status.


Financial aid
Government funds allocated to help students pay for college.


High-need fields
Career paths that are traditionally underserved by professionals, like medicine and education, tend to encourage students with increased funding opportunities, like nursing scholarships.


Need-based
Scholarships available to only those unable to cover the cost of college through their own resources.


Non-need-based
Scholarships available to all applicants, often specializing in previous academic achievements or other criteria.


Online education
Education received through a web-based institution.


Online colleges
Colleges that primarily instruct by serving courses through the internet.


Scholarship
Private funds that are given to students to help pay for college based on academic achievement and career prospects.



PLUS SOME NEW TERMS TO BEEF UP YOUR CRIMINAL JUSTICE VOCABULARY


Get a head start on your criminal justice career by learning some of the lingo.


Arraignment
The first appearance before the court by a person charged. At this time, they are advised of three things: The pending charges, right to counsel, and the right to trial by jury.


Beyond a Reasonable Doubt
The amount of proof required for a judge or jury to convict a person accused of a certain crime.


Burden of Proof
What’s required, beyond a reasonable doubt, to convict the accused for the crime they’re being tried for.


Defendant
A person who has been formally charged with committing a crime.


Hearing
A legal proceeding in which arguments, witnesses, and/or evidence are heard by a judicial officer or administrative body.


Misdemeanor
A crime that is less serious than a felony. Punishment is usually jail time for one year or less.


Plaintiff
A party that institutes a suit in court.


Subpoena
A court order requiring a person to appear in court on a specified day and time to give testimony.

 
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